The electoral body which is the electoral commission EC must be well equipped and resourced with both human and physical capital. This poses African election to all forms of crimes and violence.
For oral and practical examinations, the deadline is immediately after you have received your grade. The State has to use force to quell riots of various types and has to be in a constant state of preparedness to meet aggression by hostile countries.
Appeal Complaint about formal exam errors Explanation The deadline to request an explanation is one week after the grade is published. Whenever the practitioners on the art of politics find that normal and socially acceptable methods and practices have not brought them the desired achievements, they stoop to unethical methods, including incitement of sensitive people to violence.
In order to receive a passing grade on the essay, your topic will have to reflect the course readings and curriculum.
These adversely affect the human security and social development of Africa. The dictionary defines it as, "the intentional use of power or physical force, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person or against a group or community that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, mal-development or deprivation.
Examination support material Students may use dictionaries at this exam. The ineffectiveness especially on the part of the police service is a major factor which encourages electoral violence. The point must be made that despite the challenges that emanates from the practice of democracy, it is far better than any other form of governance that Africa can think of.
In fact, one of the dominating factors in the postwar years is the growth of the spirit of violence. Proof of this dismal phenomenon is found in the sharp increase in violent crimes in the country, including murders, stabbings and other manifestations of cruelty.
Hence, showing an aggressive behaviour is equivalent to showing an animal behaviour. Explanations and appeals It is recommended to request an explanation of your grade before you decide to appeal. Even though moral force is more effective at times, the Mahatma conceded that in certain circumstances, the refusal to fight violence adequately might smack of cowardice.
The course provides an overview of the most important theories on the causes of political violence, and the empirical analyses supporting or negating them. Violence has affected civilizations.
Ironically, both peace and politics have become difficult to ensure without adequate preparations for fighting violence.
Small arms proliferations in African countries are on the increase. Naked, unabashed violence has even been glorified in certain continents; the number and intensity of armed clashes between various classes of people is yet another proof; and so is the increasing number of communal riots, many of which have their roots in politics.
Even in India, where the apostle of peace and non-violence, Mahatma Gandhi, preached that violence is both degrading and derogatory to human beings, the menace has been increasing.
Aside leading to political, social and economic insecurity, there are attendant costs of ensuring security, repairs of damaged infrastructure.
Weak governance and corruption can also instigate electoral violence. Ask for explanation of your grade in this course Resit an examination If you are sick or have another valid reason for not attending the regular exam, we offer a postponed exam later in the same semester.
Similarly, avoiding over consumption of alcohol and other such substances check this behaviour. It is not surprising in such circumstances that politics of peace is becoming uncommon, and politics of war is replacing it gradually but surely.
Possession of arms leads to the perpetuation of violent conflict and the creation of new cycles of violence and crime. There can be no social, economic or political stability where the entire polity is based on force and violence, not on the people freely expressed and frequently affirmed through periodic elections support and consent.
Most countries in Africa lack legislation against perpetrators of certain electoral offences. Maltreatment of children, violence against women and elders are some of the instances. Electoral violence is associated with a huge cost.
Theses showcase the mob mentality. In other cases, individual tries to take command of the situation and directs his anger towards his partner or other family members. When these measures are well instigated, integrated and adhered to, Africa will be freed and void of any electoral violence.ELECTIONS, ELECTORAL REFORMS AND POST- ELECTION VIOLENCE: PROBLEMS AND WAY FORWARD BY IRABOR PETER ODION DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL STUDIES COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, IGUEBEN, EDO STATE [email protected] ABSTRACT In the contemporary world of today, elections.
In light of the above, this study intends to investigate the causes of electoral violence in Wa Municipality in the Upper West Region of Ghana.
Thus the research will seek to find answers to the following questions. Causes of Electoral Violence in Africa Written by Ngah Gabriel sous dir. Dr. Kiven J. Kewir multi-party politics and elections created. The recent post election crisis in Gabon12 that left scores dead seems to shows that electoral violence is.
In society when one person thinks of violence, one usually thinks of individual acts of violence. These types of violence are the kinds of violence most American fear, which causes us to lock our doors at night.
But this is not the only kind of violence we are faced with. In today's society or the /5(3). of the research―electoral or political violence analysis ELECTORAL CONFLICT AND VIOLENCE A Strategy for Study and Prevention. IFES White Papers conflict, violence, and threat as means to determine, delay, or otherwise conflict and violence by determining its causes and directing resources.
v Contents List of Tables and Figures vii Acknowledgments ix 1 The Violence of Voting in Africa 1 2 The Political Context of Electoral ViolenceDownload