How to write a literature review format

Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research.

Identify the literature that you will review: You can also enter references manually into RefWorks if you need to. Review the abstracts works of the discipline related to the subject being presented to save time.

Evaluate your references for currency and coverage: These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review. Redefine your topic if needed: If the person focuses on whole paragraphs or texts, mistakes would be hard to spot and would force the author not skip anything, as skipping could be the first enemy of proofreading.

Familiarize yourself with online databases see UMD library resource links below for help with thisidentifying relevant databases in your field of study. However, this reference list should have all the important details of the work cited, from title to author, an editorial of the published book and publication date.

The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors e. What was the question of the research study? Your role as a reviewer is to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing.

If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones. What were the cited and referenced authors trying to discover or prove?

Guidelines for writing a literature review

You may find the program Inspiration useful in mapping out your argument and once you have created this in a concept map form, Inspiration enables you to convert this to a text outline merely by clicking on the "outline" button. Access or File Maker Proin an Excel spreadsheet, or the "old-fashioned" way of using note cards.

Literature Review APA Formatting

How you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it. Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of your final review.

In the case of a literature review, you are really creating a new forest, which you will build by using the trees you found in the literature you read.

Decide on a topic It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M. Make others proofread your work: This order would keep the author away from grammar, syntax, semantic and pragmatic mistakes if used properly.

Identify major trends or patterns: Use subheadings, especially in long reviews Use transitions to help trace your argument If your topic teaches across disciplines, consider reviewing studies from each discipline separately Write a conclusion for the end of the review: Plan to discuss how individual studies relate to and advance theory Plan to summarize periodically and, again near the end of the review Plan to present conclusions and implications Plan to suggest specific directions for future research near the end of the review Flesh out your outline with details from your analysis Step 7: Depending on the scope that is going to be presented, the comprehension of the work could change.

Some tips for identifying suitable literature and narrowing your search: Developing a coherent essay Galvan, Using relevant databases, search for literature sources using Google Scholar and also searching using Furl search all sources, including the Furl accounts of other Furl members.

Keep your review focused on your topic: This also gives more comprehension on the reading, making it easier to spot grammar and syntax mistakes. Did it get to a point, proving or discovering something? However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and has reported the most current work.

Also, by proofreading from top to bottom and from bottom to top, the process would have a better comprehension, even if it looks tedious. Reviewing the literature When reviewing the literature and research as a whole, there are some questions that would help the author to have and portray all the findings in a better and more understandable way: Is the other more influential or giving a proved answer?

If the review was written to stand alone, as is the case of a term paper or a review article for publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction.

Also, this would help the reader or the audience to understand his work while giving some approval and at the same time portraying the importance it has in the discipline he is working on.

What were the methodologies used in the cited works? Ask experts in the fields if possible to give advice on the discipline, or just point out the missing important works left to review.

This would make your work look better and be more comprehensive to the reader, especially if the person who proofreads knows all about the APA style. Import your references into your RefWorks account see:A literature review discusses published information in a particular subject area, and sometimes information in a particular subject area within a certain time period.

Why do we write literature reviews? Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using.

I also provide links at the end of this guide to resources that you should use in order to search the literature and as you write your review. Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles (as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks. Literature Review Format & APA Essay format you use should adhere to the citation style preferred by your instructor.

You must seek clarification from your instructor on several other things to establish the desired literature review format. A literature review asks: What do we know - or not know - about this particular issue/ topic/ subject?

How well you answer this question depends upon: the effectiveness of your search for information; the quality & reliability of the sources you choose. Literature Review APA Formatting.

Follow our recommendations and write the perfect literature review APA format.

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